Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common skin disease. It is alternatively known as Seborrhoeic eczema. Generally this disease manifests itself in the form of inflammations or rashes on different parts of the body. The most common areas where rashes appear are the face, scalp and the face and, most particularly, the parts of the skin which are rich in sebum. This disease has a hereditary link and manifests itself in those who have a tendency to have increased rates of sebum secretion in the areas of the sebaceous glands. The rashes that characterize this form of dermatitis also appear on the shoulder blades and also parts on the chest.
Symptoms of Seborrhoeic dermatitis
The most common symptoms that signal Seborrhoeic dermatitis are appearance of rashes and irritation in certain parts of the skin. The symptoms do not appear overnight. The very initial signs of dermatitis are appearance of flaky skin on the scalp, akin to dandruff. In places, where skin folds, there is more chance for the formation of such rashes. The parts on the skin that become flaky are whitish in color. Sometimes the flakes might be yellowish in color as well. This type of dermatitis affects areas where there is some amount of hair growth. A more severe condition or symptom for Seborrhoeic dermatitis is the formation of thick yellowish scales on the areas around the eyelashes or forehead.
The patients generally complain of experiencing itching and irritation. There are reported cases of hair loss too. Redness in the affected rates is a common sign of Seborrhoeic dermatitis. This form of dermatitis also affects infants below the age of three months. In the infants there are reported instances of flaky skin around the hairline and also the formation of yellow colored crusts on the skin. The rash cures in a few days but can also get worse if not taken care of immediately. In case adults are affected by Seborrhoeic dermatitis, the condition either cures easily or can get more severe. The time period during which the rashes last generally ranges between either some weeks or even few years.
If the dermatitis rash gets too itchy, then there is a chance of oozing out of blood or pus. Sometimes, in very extreme cases, the rash becomes painful. A dermatologist must be approached as soon as the symptoms seem to worsen. It is not wise for the patient to perform self treating methods. There is ample chance of such methods backfiring. If the condition is not treated there might be deeper effects on the hair follicles which can cause partial or complete hair damage. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a problem which can cause irritation and obstruction in leading a normal life. The rashes cause itching and also make one uncomfortable to a large extent.
Treatment of Seborrhoeic dermatitis
There are various modes of treating Seborrhoeic dermatitis. The most popular combination that is effective is the use of a proper PH balanced dandruff shampoo. This needs to be combined with the use of the antifungal agents and a steroid of topical category. There is a procedure known as pulse therapy which is effective in most cases. The most common steroids are Elocon, Lidex and Temovate. There are reported instances of side effects from the use of these agents but in extreme cases there remains no other choice. However, the steroids must not be applied beyond the limit prescribed by the dermatologist. Even after the administration of every steroid pulse, the shampooing therapy must be continued without any break.
The complete treatment of Seborrhoeic dermatitis is pretty tough as there is no single factor that can be pinpointed and curbed which can be the cause of this skin disease. However, the problem can be controlled and toned down to a great extent. There are a larger number of shampoos or lotions available in the market. The scalp must be kept clean under all conditions for those suffering from this kind of dermatitis. The scalp needs to be tidy and rid of fungus or bacterial germs. There are certain types of creams called topical cortisone which help reduce the irritation and itching sensation on the skin.
It has been seen that there are certain diets which are responsible for further growth of fungi on the scalp and other areas, giving rise to dermatitis. It is also suggested that one keeps/wears one’s hair length short to lower the chances of bacterial or fungal growth on the scalp. Sun baths at regular intervals help reduce the chances of Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Seborrhoeic dermatitis might be a tough problem to tackle, but it is not entirely impossible. The disease might be stubborn but if the hygiene standards are maintained, the intensity of the problem can actually be reduced.