Eczema is not the most lenient of diseases; while many people contest that such widespread anomaly can be no severer than a dental ache or common cold, the fact remains that eczema can take the wind out of your sails completely. Eczema is defined as a skin disease that causes eruptions and lesions in form of rashes, scales and flakes on the surface of the skin. However, if it could be kept to this level, we would still have felt the disease to be a lenient curse. Unfortunately, it ramifies fast and makes life tougher with time for those suffering from it. There are different kinds of Eczema including Xerotic Eczema, Dishydrotic Eczema and Atopic Eczema.
Eczema creates a very dry skin surface and such a surface shorn of sebum (secretion of sebaceous gland responsible for moisturizing the surface of skin) makes it an ideal breeding ground for rashes and lesions. While humidifying agents of the body stand defenseless and external succors do not really help, a patient merely watches his skin become a ghost territory. Sometime with mock amusement, he registers how such a development can be possible on human skin.
Xerotic Eczema can make the skin excessively dry and while it is not life threatening at all, it brings forth a life full of precautions. Dishydrotic eczema can create similar grounds. They are not contagious either but may give a feeling of spreading. You find a large number of people arguing that eczema travels to spouses and partners; however, it is based on probability and eczema being a very common syndrome/disease can come within the probability domain for a spouse.
Atopic eczema is another form of eczema that must be acknowledged both because its fairly common and also because it provides a lot of tough time to the patients. While eczema can be stress induced, obesity induced, caused by deficient immune system and a lot many other reasons, it can also be caused by genetics. Atopic eczema is an example of eczema that travels in a family. Most of such cases are known to be hereditary and are triggered further if there are instances of asthmatics in the family.
These are usually confused with irritant Contact Dermatitis. The latter is a case of eczema that is caused owing to some allergen present in the immediate environment. It is suffered by those people who work or live in a pollen-specific zone. Atopic eczema needs to be diagnosed precisely or else a different line of treatment induced by false diagnosis can further toughen the disease. Biopsy is the general method of sorting out which eczema a person might be suffering from. Doctors also take up further tests to find out what may be the reaction of the immune system for the various pollens artificially induced to the skin surface. This way they better judge the eczema situation.
Atopic Eczema leads to development of scales in the head and the scalp region. As an addition, it can also develop in the groin, buttock, and area behind the knee, interior elbow and region of neck. Presently, the condition is on an alarming rise in the developed countries. This form of eczema is as difficult to cope with. While the eczema is not fatal in itself, it can lead to fatal complications too. This happens when a patient of Atopic eczema forgets to wear his gloves during night.
In such an event, he might start itching on the rashes unaware in his trance stage. Sometimes the skin surface is corroded deeply and the pus oozes out of the lesion resulting in an open wound. These wounds can then be infested by a virus called Simplex Herpes leading to a fatal complication called eczema herpeticum. Even otherwise, there might be the eruption of a staph infection over the wound due to infestation of the staphococcyl bacteria.
There is so much to eczema that can only be understood by one suffering from it. The inability to sleep properly for the fear of scratching the surface, the inability to take frequent baths during summers, lack of choice in relation to certain excursions in hot areas and the general sense of withdrawal caused by a society perennially on fringe about getting a disease passed on to them.